Briefe 1862

Guatemala - Briefe 1862

GUATEMALA envelope (may 15. 1862) addressed to "HON E. O. CROSBY LEGATION OF THE UNITED STATES CITY OF GUATEMALA" with a postage due handstamp of "4" reales for the internal rate.

Elisha O. Crosby was the US resident in Guatemala from 1861 to 1864 (during the US civil war), "he was in charge to introducing free negroes from the United States to...Guatemala"
A VERY FINE AND UNUSUAL COVER.

"June 6, 1862, Crosby reported to Seward that he had had conversations with the agents of a New York company, and that those gentlemen on return to the United States could supply much information about Guatemala. They were interested in “introducing free negroes from the United States to be employed upon their works, as well as to open settlements on the adjacent lands which can be secured for a small price.” Again, as late as November 21, 1862, Crosby wrote the Secretary of State that conversations with an official of Honduras indicated that that country appeared likely to make a “more satisfactory arrangement” for Negro colonization than any other country in Central America. But by that time all were making official refusals, and Crosby´s correspondence on the subject terminated with a letter from Seward, January 19, 1863, which said that the United States would not force colonization, either on the Negroes who might go or on the foreign countries where they might settle. (From passages from unprinted letters in the National Archives, supplied by Mr. Almon R. Wright.)
See N. Andrew N. Cleven, “Some Plans for Colonizing Liberated Negro Slaves in Hispanic America,” Journal of Negro History, XI (1926), 35-49.]

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